The engineering company Unitsky String Technologies Inc. is a scientific organization accredited by the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. At the same time, the company’s research activities are practically oriented and aim to improve uST Transport & Infrastructure Solutions, develop new business lines, as well as implement a number of related infrastructure technologies.
The company has multiple laboratory and research centers with all the necessary equipment and highly qualified stuff. The results of their work are practically tested in two high-tech R&D centers (in Belarus and the UAE), which occupy 60 hectares in total. The company has hundreds of patents, which are approved in dozens of countries.
uST High-Speed Transport & Infrastructure Solutions can only partially be classified as the scope of the company’s R&D activities. All the main components of the complexes, which will enable a transportation speed of 500 km/h, have been implemented by now. However, the claimed speeds and the corresponding operating modes have not been approved and tested in reality due to the lack of a high-speed string rail overpass of sufficient length (at least 20 km long) to safely accelerate uPod to the design speed (10 km long) and the subsequent safe braking (10 km) at the developer’s disposal.
This fact does not prevent the engineers of Unitsky String Technologies Inc. from continuing to work on the specifications for this business line, as well as to consider various configuration options for the high-speed track structure and uPod to solve the tasks at hand.
The first uPod designed to carry passengers at speeds of up to 500 km/h was the six-seat uPod U4-362. The model was first showcased in 2018 at the large international transport exhibition Innotrans in Berlin.
uFlash U4-362 is designed for intercity and international transportation. The high speed is ensured by the unique design of the string rail overpass and the aerodynamic design of uPod. Thus, uFlash will be capable of delivering passengers, for example, from Minsk to Paris in 4-5 hours. This is faster than by air if you include travel time to the airport, registration and other pre-flight and post-flight procedures in addition to the actual flight time. uFlash has a streamlined body with smoothly interfaced front, middle and rear parts. The transient interfaces are built based on special curves, which are the company’s know-how.
The above advantages make the cost of uST high-speed transportation much lower than that of high-speed rail, maglev trains, and air travel
High-speed string transport can be used for cargo and passenger transportation between cities and regions, countries and continents (including tunnels with zero buoyancy located in the water column)
One of the promising business lines of Unitsky String Technologies Inc. is hypervelocity transport. uMah is a uST complex, where uPods can accelerate to 1,250 km/h or more. The hypervelocity uPod here travels along a special overpass in a forevacuum tunnel and can transport passengers and cargo up to ten thousand kilometers, including across seas, oceans and hostile terrain. The hypervelocity uMah is designed to comfortably carry passengers between far-away cities, regions, countries and continents in three variants of forevacuum tunnel location: on supports above the ground, under the ground and under water.
Anatoli Unitsky, the author of hypervelocity transport, started his work about 50 years ago, almost concurrently with the development of the General Planetary Vehicle (GPV) for non-rocket near space industrialization, in which the speed of the conveyor-type flywheel in the vacuum channel is even greater — 12 km/s (43200 km/h). uMah then branched off from the GPV into an independent line and more than 40 years ago Unitsky proposed to connect London and New York by a hypervelocity submarine route. The vacuum tunnel in it would have been made with zero buoyancy and located in the Atlantic Ocean at a depth of 50 meters. The travel time would be 6 hours, which would be faster than by plane. There were no personal computers or computer graphics back then, so the illustration for this project was done in watercolor on paper. Then the author focused on the development and commercialization of a more down-to-earth technology — uST, which, in fact, branched off from the GPV and uMah technologies, and which, thus, became the progenitors of string technology and Unitsky String Transport.
Modern cities are facing a crisis, which manifests itself in transport collapses, environmental degradation, and lack of territories for further development. These problems can be solved by building linear cities.
Linear city (uCity) is a pedestrian cluster-type urban settlement in harmony with nature which creates conditions that best support the natural ecosystem. Transportation of passengers and delivery of goods within such a city is ensured by uST Transport & Infrastructure Complexes.
Like the high-speed line of uST, the project of uCity linear city can be attributed to R&D activities of UST Inc. only in part. Most of the solutions included in uCity complexes have been implemented and worked out in practice. In addition to the transport component, residential complexes, agricultural and biotechnological components, as well as elements of relic solar bioenergy, incorporated in the energy infrastructure of the linear city, have been designed and are being successfully operated.
The construction of uCity is based on the smart city logic, which means that the land belongs to pedestrians. Distinctive elements of uCity are multifunctional dominant buildings with integrated string transport stations. Such structures are to be found in every cluster. The buildings have technology to guarantee the full life cycle of the system and eliminate any environmental pollution. Several houses form a group located within a walking distance from the main functional areas of the settlement. The groups of buildings are combined into residential clusters with social services and energy supply complexes.
The residential area of the cluster is divided into blocks, demarcated by a forest-park strip 100-200 meters wide, where you will find public spaces for residents and guests: recreational and sports areas, public buildings and facilities, sports fields, stadium, health center, medical center, stores, cafes, workshops, kindergartens, and schools.
Residential buildings in the cluster are combined into a single architectural and functional system — a long apartment block which is a kind of “horizontal skyscraper”. The size of the linear house, including its length, can vary in a fairly wide range starting from 100 m up to 1 km. Each house is designed to accommodate a family of an average of five people. The houses will have three floors with a basement, a living room and an attic.
Each “horizontal skyscraper” in the cluster will be designed in terms of energy efficiency as an energy-plus building (in the European classification), when the house uses the engineering equipment such as solar panels, collectors, heat pumps, and recuperators to produce more energy than it consumes itself.
The cluster will be completely self-sufficient: organic food, clean water, green energy, safe transportation, other products and services. This will ensure the food, energy, and infrastructure security of the linear city even during pandemics, lockdowns, and other natural disasters.
The roofs of such houses will be made in the form of glazed greenhouses (or orangeries), interconnected by a central communication corridor, which is designed for laying utilities and agricultural maintenance of the greenhouse.
uCity linear cities will blend harmoniously into the environment of any natural and climatic zone on Earth. At the same time, urban development will not only avoid reducing the area of fertile land, but will even help to increase it. Thanks to uCity, deserts will disappear from the planet, and the Earth will be reborn as a blooming garden, where all future humanity — about 10 billion people — will be able to live safely and comfortably.